Pathology Imaging at the University of Michigan
By Brent Temple |
Standing inside the thoroughly modern Pathology Imaging Facility, one glimpses a rich history in a series of photographs preserved behind a glass frame. Most of the images are black and white, some stained and sepia toned with curled edges, evoking an old family album. In one picture, A. James French, M.D., a former department chair, shakes hands with President Lyndon Johnson. In another, Bruce Friedman, M.D., now a professor emeritus, sits in a military jeep in Korea, where he was assigned during the Korean War. One image captures Pathology residents streaking across the Diag. Another shows Kathy Heidelberger Davenport, M.D., now a professor emerita, advising actor Robert Young for the 1970s television series Marcus Welby, M.D. There’s also an image of Paul Gikas, MD, who died peacefully last year after retiring in 1994. In this picture, he’s carving a turkey for a Department Thanksgiving.
Based in the Medical Science 1 Building, Pathology Imaging provides image- and video-making services to the Department. Full-time image specialists assist with everything from photographing autopsies to photographing departmental events. The end products are used for clinical, research, teaching, and promotional purposes. Following the addition of the Wayne County Medical Examiner’s Office (WCMEO) to the Department, Pathology Imaging also employs an imaging specialist at WCMEO to document autopsies and process photo requests for local police departments and the prosecutor’s office.
The Department hired its first full-time photographer, Matt Hardeen, in 1958, at a time when pathology, like radiology, was becoming highly image-driven. There was a growing need for photographs to provide clinical documentation and showcase research results. Before Hardeen’s retirement, J. “Craig” Biddle was hired in 1968, and Eddie Burks joined as a full-time photographer in 1971. Today, there are three full-time image specialists: Mark Deming and Elizabeth Walker at the Pathology Imaging Facility in Ann Arbor, and Kelly Root at WCMEO.
Working for Pathology imaging since 1987, Mark Deming initially served as an assistant for Biddle and Burks. He says the lab was less crowded then, and the darkroom’s photographic print-washing tub was always filled with floating photos. Space was available to hang backdrops for portraits, but as new faculty joined the Department, the lab filled with microscopes and other scientific equipment. Increasingly, faculty members needed clinical images that could provide accurate diagnoses and feedback about courses of treatment.
With a degree in photography and experience working in a hospital histology lab, Deming was eventually promoted from assistant to full-time photographer. He recalls how there were always two photographers, one taking the pictures, and the other back in the darkroom, developing and printing. “One week you would be taking pictures,” he says, “and the next week you’d be in the darkroom all day with the water running, very zen-like.”
When Elizabeth Walker joined the team in 2000, the majority of the photographers’ time was spent in the darkroom, creating Kodachrome slides of specimens, books, articles, and important events. As new technologies became available, large and bulky photo enlargers were replaced with computers and software. Walker anticipates the addition of more glass slide scanners in the future. She also believes the x-ray processor will be replaced by a piece of digital equipment, and that the video production department will grow as multimedia is increasingly included on the Department website.
J. "Craig" Biddle1968-1993
Mark Deming1987 - 2016
Elizabeth Walker2000 -
Kelly Root2014 -
Now that so many people have smartphones with cameras and video recorders, the perceived need for photo expertise could diminish. Indeed, some UMHS departments have downsized or eliminated their photography units entirely. This has the potential to be an incredible loss, given the unique training, experience, and intuition that in-house professionals offer.
Photography is not merely a point-and-shoot kind of job, explains Walker. In fact, she says, “The most important aspect of being a pathology imaging specialist is problem solving”—keeping in mind the subject, environment, and desired outcome when choosing the best tools to meet a client’s needs. Whether documenting a medical examiner autopsy in the morgue, shooting a training video, or producing a figure for a grant, many variables must be considered when making a professional-grade image.
"The most important aspect of being a pathology imaging specialist is problem solving..." Elizabeth Walker
Pathology Imaging also provides support for faculty who wish to produce their own images using a variety of microscopes in the core facility. Staff can guide the faculty member through the process, demonstrating how to set up and use the equipment. Deming and Walker have both received awards for their excellent services, verifying that their expertise continues to be an outstanding asset to the Department.
Wayne County Medical Examiner’s Office
Since the University of Michigan acquired contracts with Washtenaw County and WCMEO a few years ago, the Ann Arbor imaging specialists have produced fewer figures for grants and journals, instead assisting with a large increase in daily forensic work. Wayne County has a high homicide rate relative to Washtenaw County, explains Kelly Root, who has worked at WCMEO since 2000 and currently serves as its onsite pathology imaging specialist and information technologist.
Over the years, Root has acquired a broad knowledge of fatal injury and artifacts of death that are distinct to the medicolegal death investigation field. She speaks yearly at the University of Detroit Mercy Forensic Odontology Seminar, and at the U-M-WCMEO Medicolegal Death Investigation Seminar. Root admits that because of the high workload, she often forgets that the photographs she’s producing are helping to get murderers off the street. She is reminded of the significance of forensic photography when she receives a sincere thank you in the form of an email from a Detroit homicide detective.
With the passing of six decades, and the incorporation of WCMEO, Pathology Imaging would like to acquire a digital asset management system to share images with clients and help organize the archives. Thousands of photos of myriad subjects have accumulated over the years—the framed pictures in the Pathology Imaging Facility are just the tip of the iceberg. Pathology Imaging documents everything from social events, to scientific meetings, to homicide investigations. Indeed, the archives pay tribute to the Department’s important work and rich history.
A lab tech works in Dr. Abrams’ research lab.
Chemistry lab - Back row, left to right – Steve Marshall, Martha Theissen, Keith Matz, Don Giacherio, Mara Williams, Shannon St. Andrew, David Harro - Middle row, left to right – Melissa Liebaert, Carol Bone, Sharon Donahue, Sandra Jung, Tina Gray, Tita Galvez - Front – Carol Baumgartner
Eddie Burks works in the imaging lab around 1970.
Dr. Ward and Laura Blythe
Eddie Burks on his motorcycle.
(Left to right) Dr. Till, Dr. Hicks, and Dr. David Keren.
Dr. French’s daughter and wife, left, with Dr. Friedman and Mr. Napolitan.
Elizabeth Walker at the HO Farewell Dinner in 2000.
Matt Hardeen with Dr. French at a departmental event.
New faculty of 1980 including Joseph Fantone, Sem Phan, and James Varani.
A portrait of Dr. Connie D’Amato
Department chair A. James French shaking hands with President Lyndon Johnson
Dr. Naylor enjoying a faculty event.
Craig, far left, and Eddie, far right with laboratory techs.
Steve and Robin Kunkel with son, Matt.
Pathologist Kathy Heidelberger-Davenport from the university advising actor Robert Young for the television series Marcus Welby, M.D.
A young Dr. Gerald Abrams, sporting a french beret and beard
The flow cytometry/molecular group. Javed Siddiqui, Charlie Ross, Mary Gerard, Robert Cohn, Laura Smith, Judy Tschantz, June Sclegelmilch, and Usha Kota.
Eddie Burks and Craig Biddle pose in the imaging lab.
Photo lab as it looked under Matt Hardeen’s supervision.
Eddie Burks works at a copy stand.
Matt Hardeen working in the Imaging Lab.
Mark Deming in the Lab, circa 1980s